Eskimo Ulu Knife (Women’s Knife)

Ulu Knife Ulu KnifeThe ulu knife was used to cut whale blubber and meat, butcher salmon and even used to cut children's hair. There were many styles from different regions. The slate ulu dates to prehistoric times before much metal was used. The slate blade is set in a wood handle with hide glue or pine pitch.

These are usable on meat but not hard items such as wood or bone. Please do not try to cut your children's hair!

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Middle Missouri Knife

Middle Missouri KnifeBone handles made from bison ribs or vertebral spines (bones in the bison's hump) along with detached stone blades are found on Plains archaeological sites on the upper Missouri River. The stone blades are set in bison rib or vertebral spines with hide glue.

These knives are faithful recreations of what they looked like when they were used several hundred years ago on the Plains. This knife was used recently to partially butcher a bison and it performed very well.

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Stone Knife

Stone KnifeThis was a general all-purpose household knife used to cut string, food, meat, hide or wood. The stone for the knife, flint, is very hard and can be chipped to a very sharp edge, but is also brittle and can break easily.

The stone blade is attached to a wood handle with hide glue and/or rawhide, depending upon type of blade. Stone knives of this type are common in the Eastern United States.

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Scapula Knife/Squash Knife/Cleaver

Scapula CleaverScapula KnifeScapula knives, squash knives and cleavers are made from portions of bison scapulas (shoulder blades). Thin areas of scapulas served as the cutting edge with thicker ridges often serving as handles. Prehistoric people often made Scapula knives/squash knives and cleavers from broken bison scapula hoe blades, a form of recycling and therefore come in many shapes and sizes.

They are found on Plains archaeological sites from Oklahoma, north to the Middle Missouri River in the Dakotas. There is evidence that some of the tools were used to cut cooked squash into rings which were strung on long poles to dry for winter storage. Archaeologists believe they were used for cutting many other soft items as well.

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Hooked Bone Knife

Hooked Bone KnifeThe hooked bone knife is a cutting tool made of a bison scapula (shoulder blade) that looks similar to the modern day linoleum blade -- the inside edge is sharp but how it functioned is not known. It is found on Plains archaeological south of the Middle Missouri River.

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Atlatl, Eastern Style

Atlatl Eastern StyleA composite tool of a stone weight, antler hook and wooden shaft. The weight style is common to the eastern United States. This design is based on archaeological remains from the Midwestern and Southeastern United States.

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Atlatl, Calusa Style

Atlatl Calusa StyleRemains of several atlatls of this style were found buried in the muck on the Key Marco site in Southern Florida. This style of atlatl is easy to use.

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Cane Spear with Point

Cane Spear with PointThe shaft is of bamboo with a stone point on a fore shaft. Bamboo is a substitute for the cane shafts often used in the Southeastern United States in the past. Real cane is extremely difficult to find today as most cane has been eradicated to make room for farming.

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Solid Wood Spear with Point

Just like our cane spear, only with a solid wood shaft instead of cane. Solid wood shafts were used in areas where cane was not available. Tree saplings were usually used for shafts.
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Student Atlatl

Student AtlatlThe student atlatl is about the simplest style of atlatl. Modeled after one found in a rock shelter in Arkansas, which was about 3,000 years old. A rugged atlatl that can take abuse.

Use with our student spear for a popular hands on program of throwing spears with atlatls. Six sets are good for a group of 20-25 participants to keep things moving along. Tools From the Earth has used these with 3rd and 4th graders for years with great success.
$35.00 each

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